Monday, May 13, 2013

NOW THAT IT IS HERE, WE WILL USE IT WHENEVER ABRAXANE IS INVOLVED
ABOUT SPARC LEVEL

Desai et al:
"There were 11 responders (CR/PR) and 5 nonresponders (SD/PD) among the 16 nab-paclitaxel-treated patients (12/16 SPARC-positive, 75%). Response to nab-paclitaxel was higher for SPARC-positive patients (10/12, 83%) than SPARC-negative patients (1/4, 25%). The SPARC-negative patients exhibited significantly lower response than the overall response rate among all 60 patients (1/4, 25% vs 45/60, 75%). Although preliminary, data are supportive of the hypothesis that SPARC overexpression may correlate with response to nab-paclitaxel."  This was about Head & Neck cancer, now they are pushing this SPARC level even in Pancreatic cancer without a clinical trial!

Esposito et al

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and other pancreatic neoplasms exhibited increased SPARCL1 mRNA levels compared to those of the normal pancreas. SPARCL1 mRNA levels were low to absent in microdissected and cultured pancreatic cancer cells, and promoter demethylation increased SPARCL1 levels only slightly in three of eight cell lines. SPARCL1 was observed in small capillaries in areas of inflammation/tumor growth and in some islet cells. In PDAC, 15.4% of vessels were SPARCL1-positive. In contrast, the percentage of SPARCL1-positive vessels was higher in chronic pancreatitis and benign and borderline pancreatic tumors. Recombinant SPARCL1 inhibited pancreatic cancer cell invasion and exerted moderate growth-inhibitory effects. In conclusion, SPARCL1 expression in pancreatic tissues is highly correlated with level of vascularity. Its anti-invasive effects and reduced expression in metastasis indicate tumor-suppressor function."

people are actually testing this sparc1 before giving chemotherapy!
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